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Preface

Map Index

Glossary

Bibliography

Glossary

abate
abbot
abitaz.e
residence
abitazione
residence
accademia
academy
acqua
water, aqueduct
Acqua Juturna
Fountain of Juturna
acquavitari
sellers of spirits
acquedotto
aqueduct
aggiunta
addition
aggregata
joined
agnello
lamb
agonizanti
agonizing
Agostiniane
Augustinian (nuns)
Agostiniani
Augustinian (priests)
albergo
hotel
Alessandrina
street named after Alessandro Bonelli
ancora
yet, again
anessa
adjoining
anfiteatro
amphitheater
angeli
angels
angelico
angelic
anima
soul
annessi
adjoining (pl.)
annesso
adjoining
Annunziata
of the Annunciation
antica
ancient, old
antiche
ancient, old (pl.)
antico
ancient, old
apost.
apostle
apostoli
apostles
apostolico
apostolic
aquila
eagle
Aragonesi
Aragonese
arcaccio
arch (pejorative)
Arcadi
Arcadians
archetto
small arch
Arcione
p.n.
arco
arch
Argentina
p.n.
argine
bank, slope
Armeni
Armenians
Assunta
of the Assumption
Augusto
Augustus
avanzi
remains
Avignonesi
from Avignon
Baccina
p.n.
bagni
baths
balestrari
spring makers
banchi
stalls
Barberi
wild horses
Barnabiti
Barnabites
Basiliani
followers of St. Basil
bastione
bastion
beato
blessed
Benedettine
Benedictines (f.)
Benedittini
Benedictines (m.)
Benfratelli (Spagnuoli)
do-well-brothers (Spanish)
Bergamaschi
from Bergamo
bianca
white
bocca della VeritÓ
mouth of truth
Bolognesi
from Bologna
bottanico
botanical
botteghe (oscure)
shops (dark)
braccio
arm
Britanni
Bretons
buco
hole
Caccarella
p.n.
caccia
hunt
cacco
monkey
Calabria
region in Southern Italy
calzettari
hosiery makers
calzolai
shoe makers
calzolari
shoe makers
Camaldolesi
order of Camaldoli
Camana
p.n.
Camerinesi
from Camerino
campanile
bell tower
canale
canal
cancellaria
chancellery
canestrari
basket makers
cannelle
spouts
canonici
canons
Cantuariense
p.n.
cap.
head
capitolo
chapter
capo
head
Capo di Ferro
head of iron, p.n.
cappellari
hat makers
cappelletta
small chapel
Capponi
p.n.
Cappuccini
Capuchin (monks)
caprettari
goat herders
Capuccine
Capuchin (nuns)
Caracalla
p.n., Roman Emperor
carbonari
coal workers
carceri
prisons
Cardinalizia
of a Cardinal
caritÓ
charity, mercy
Carmelit.
Carmelites (m.)
Carmelitane
Carmelites (f.)
Carmelitani
Carmelites (m.)
Carmelitani (Riformati)
Reformed Carmelites
Carmelitani (Scalzi)
Barefoot Carmelites
carozze
carriages
carrette
carts
casa
house
Casciani
from Cascia
Cassinensi
from Cassino
Castigliana
from Castile
Castigliani
from Castile (pl.)
Castro (Pretorio)
Pretorian camp
catecumeni
catecumens
catena
chain
Caudatari
name of confraternity
cava
quarry, excavation
cavalieri
knights
cavalligieri
light horse (cavalry)
Celestini
Celestines
cerchi
stadiums
Certosini
monks of the Certosa
cestari
basket makers
Cestio (Ponte Cestio)
p.n.
ch.
church
chiavari
key makers
chiavi
keys
Chiavica
drain, sewer
chierici regolari
regular clergy
chiesa
church
chiese
churches
ciambella
doughnut
cimatori
wool carders
cimiterio
cemetery
cinque
five
cipresso
cypress
circo
stadium
Circo Massimo
Circus Maximus
Cisterc.
Cistercian
Cisterci
Cistercian
Cistercien.
Cistercian
Cisterciensi
Cistercians
Claudio
Claudius
Clem.e
Clement
Clementino
of Clement
cloaca
drain, sewer
coeli
of heaven
colleg.
college
collegio
college
colon.e
columns
colonelle
small columns, bollards
colonna
column
Colonnesi
Colonna family
commendator
director
comp.
company
con
with
Concez.e
Conception
Concezione
Conception
condotti
conduits, ducts
confortaria pei condan.ti
conforting station for the condemned
confr.
confraternity
congr.
congregation
congregazione
congregation
conser.
conservators (city council)
conservatori
conservators (city council)
conservatorio
conservatory
conserve
cistern
consolazione
consolation
Constaninopoli
Constantinople
contestabile
constable
conti
counts
conv.
convent or monastery
convalescenti
convalescents
convento
convent
conventuali
conventual
converitite
converted ones (f.)
convit.
school
convitto
school
coppelle
cups, vases
corallo
coral
cornacchie
crows
Cornari
p.n.
corona
crown
corridore
corridor
corso
street
corte
court
cortile
courtyard
credenzieri
servants
credute
believed to be
Crescentino
p.n.
Cristo
Christ
croce
cross
crocetta
small cross
crociata
crusade
crocif.
crucifiction
crocifissione
crucifiction
cuccagna
abundance, good fortune
cuochi
cooks
cuore
heart
Curia Ostilla
Curia of Hostilius
custodi
custodians
D.C.
Cardinal Deacon's church
d.o
said, above mentioned
decollato
beheaded
degli
of
dentro
in, within
detta
said, above mentioned
dette
said, above mentioned
detto
said, above mentioned
Diaconia Cardinalizia
Cardinal Deacon's church
Diocleziane
Diocletian
dismesso
abandoned, out of use
divina
divine
dogana
customs house
dolori
sorrows
Domenicane
Dominican (nuns)
Domenicani
Dominican (monks)
donne
women
Dottrina Cristiana
Christian Doctrine
dove
where
due
two
ecclesiastico
ecclesiastic
Egiziaca
Egyptian
elefante
elephant
Enrico IV
Henry IV
ereditÓ
inheritance
eremiti
hermits
eretto
built
fabbrica
building
facchino
porter
falegnami
carpenters
famig.
family
famiglia
family
fanciulli
youths
farina
flour
fenile
hay shed
fenili
hay sheds
feriti
wounded
ferrari
iron workers
ferro
iron
Fiamminghi
Flemish
fico
fig
fiore
flower
Fiorentini
from Florence
Firenze
Florence
fontana
fountain
fontane
fountains
fontanella
small fountain
fontanile
horse trough
fonte
fountain
formis
aqueduct
fornaci
kilns (brick)
fornari
bakers
foro
forum
fossa
ditch
Franc.
Francis or Franciscan
Franc.o
Francis
Francesi
French
Francia
France
frati
monks, brothers
fratte
branches
frusta
whip
Fuccioli
p.n.
funari
rope makers
fuori
outside
fuori le mura
outside the walls (Aurelian)
Gallieno
Gallienus
gallo
rooster
Galloppi
p.n.
gambero
shrimp
gatta
cat (f.)
Genova
Genoa
Gensole
[a flower]
Germanico-Urgarico
German-Hungarian
Ges¨
Jesus
Gesuiti
Jesuits
Ghetto degli Ebrei
Jewish Ghetto
giÓ
formerly
giacente
prone, lying
giardino
garden
gigli d' oro
golden lilies
Ginnasi
p.n.
Gio.
John
Giudea
of the Jews
giustiziati
executed ones
gonfalone
banner
governatore
Governor
governo
government
granari
granaries
grancio
crab
grande
large, great
graziosa
charming
Greca
Greek
Greci
Greeks
grillo
grasshopper
grotte
grottoes
grottino
small grotto
guardia
guard
guglia
obelisk
Ibernesi
Spaniards
Imp.
Emperor
impenitenti
impenitent
Imperatrice
Empress
incoronati
crowned
infermi
infirm, ill
inferno
hell
Inglese
English
insigne
famous
interiori
interiors.
invalide
invalids (f.)
invalidi
invalids (m.)
invocazione
invocation
Irlandesi
Irish
Iside
Isis (Egyptian Godess)
isola
island
Italiani
Italians
Later.
Lateran
Lateranensi
of the Lateran
lauro
laurel tree
lavoranti
workers
Leonina
Leonine
leutari
violin makers
librari
book sellers
Liegesi
from Liege
Lombarda
Lombard (f.)
Lombardi
Lombards
Lorenesi
from Lorraine
Lucchesi
from Lucca
lune
moons
luogo
place, location
lupa
wolf
macellari
butchers
maggiore (S.M. Maggiore)
major (Saint Mary Major)
magno
great
Marco Aurelio
Marcus Aurelius
Marforio
p.n.
marmorata
marble works
mart.
martyr
maschera
mask
Mascherino
p.n.
mascherone
large mask
mattonato
brick paved
maus.
mausoleum
mausol.
mausoleum
Mecenate
p.n.
medesima
the same (f.)
medesimi
the same
Melchiti
p.n.
melone
melon
memoria
memory
mendicanti
beggars
mercanti
merchants
Meta Sudante
sweating stone, p.n.
Milanesi
from Milan
Min.
Minims (monks of St. Francis)
Min. Osser. Riformati
reformed, strict rule Minims
Minerva Medica
Minerva
Minimi (Conventuali)
conventual Minims
Minimi (Minimi di Calabria)
conventual Minims from Calabria
ministri
ministers
minori
minor (pl.)
miracoli
miracles
misericordia
mercy
missionarj
missionaries
Modesto
p.n.
mole
mills
molti
many
monache
nuns
monaci
monks
Monaci Copti di S. Antonio Abate
Coptic monks of St. Anthony abbot
monast.
monastery
monasterio
monastery
monte
hill
monti
hills
Moro
Moor
morte
death
muratori
masons
Muratte
p.n.
muri antichi
ancient walls
muro (torto)
bent wall
museo
museum
N. S.
Our Lord
N. S. G. C.
Our Lord Jesus Christ
nativitÓ
Nativity
nazi.
nation
nazionali
national
nazione
nation
negozianti
shop keepers
neofiti
neophytes
Nero
p.n.
Nerva
p.n.
neve
snow
nome
name
Nona
p.n.
noviziato
novitiate, seminary
Nunziata
of the Annunciation
nuove
new (pl.)
obelisco
obelisk
oca
goose
oleo
oil
onda
wave
operaj or operai
workers
orat.
oratory
orazione
prayer
ord.
order
ordine
order
ore
hours,
orefici
goldsmiths
oro
gold
orso
bear
ortaccio
garden (pejorative)
orto
vegetable garden
oscure
dark (pl.)
osp.
hospital
ospitalieri
hospitalers
ospizio
hospice
osservanti
observing
Otto (Cantoni)
eight (corners), p.n.
P.
piazza
pace
peace
padella
pan
palaz.
palace
palazzino
small palace
pallacorda
ball game
palma
palm; Roman unit of measurement
palombella
dove (f.)
palombello
dove (m.)
pane
bread
panieri
baskets
Pantaleone
p.n.
Paolina
of Paul
papa
pope
paradiso
paradise
parafrenieri
horse grooms
paroc.
parish
partorienti
giving birth
patriarc.
patriarchal
pazzi
insane (pl.)
Pedacchia
p.n.
pellegrini
pilgrims
pellegrino
pilgirm
pelliccia
fur
penitenzieri
givers of penance
penna
feather, pen
pergola
pergola
pernicone
[a bird]
Persiani
Persians
pescaria
fish market
pescatori
fishermen
pescivendoli
fish sellers
pettinari
wool combers
pianellari
slipper makers
Piceno
region of Italy
pie
pious (f.)
piedestallo
pedestal
Piemontesi
from Piedmont
pietra
stone
Pigna
pine cone (one of the 14 Rioni)
pij (operaj)
pious (workers)
Pilato
Pilate
piombo
lead (metal)
pittori
painters
Polacchi
Poles
polveriera
powder magazine
pont.
pontifical
pontificio
pontifical
popolo
people
porta
gate (city), door
portico
portico
porto
port (river port)
Portoghesi
Portuguese
posterula
back, minor gate
pozzi
wells
pozzo
well
Pozzolo
p.n.
PP.
fathers (relig.)
prefetti
prefects
prelatura
prelature
presso
next to, near
preti
priests
priorato
priory
Professa
Casa Professa (headquarters of the Jesuits)
profeta
prophet
Proganda Fide
propagation of the faith
projetti
foundlings
Protestanti
Protestants
providenza
providence
provin.
province
pubbliche
public (f.)
pubblici
public (m.)
purificazione (S. M. dell Purificazione)
purification
puritÓ
purity
Quarantotto
Forty Eight (p.n.)
quartiere
neighborhood
quattro
four
Quattro Capi
Four Heads (p.n.)
quercia
oak
Quirico
p.n.
reale
royal
reconciliazione
reconciliation
Reg.
regular
regina
queen
Regola
one of 14 Rioni
regolari
regular
religione
religion
residenza
residence
riform.
reformed
riformati
reformed
rimesse
coach house, shed
rinovato
renewed
ritiro
retreat
rocca
castle
Romana
Roman
romiti
hermits
Romolo
Romulus
rota
wheel
rotto (Ponte Rotto)
broken (bridge)
ruine
ruins
S.
Saint
Sacchetti
p.n.
sacerdoti
priests
Sagr.
Sacrament
Sagram.
Sacrament
Sagramento
Sacrament
salara
salt works
sale
salt
saline
salt flats
salita
rise, sloping street
Salvat.
Saviour
Salvatore
Saviour
Sancta Sanctorum
Holy of Holies
Sanguigna
p.n.
Santa Croce
Holy Cross
Santo
Saint
Sapienza
knowledge, the university
saponari
soap makers
sartori
tailors
satiri
satyrs
sbocco
outlet
Scaccia
p.n.
scala
stair
scalette
small stairs
scalone
large stair
scalzi
barefoot (pl.)
scanellate
fluted (columns)
scarpellini
stone carvers
Scarpetta
p.n.
scelerato
villain
Schiavonia
Jugoslavia
scimia
monkey
Scolastica
p.n.
scrofa
sow
scultori
sculptors
scuole
schools
scuole pie
pious schools
secca
dry
secolari
secular (pl.)
sediari
chair makers
seminario
seminary
senatore
senator
sepolcro
sepulchre
sepoltura
tomb
seppelliscono
bury
Serapide
Serapis
serpe
snake
serpenti
serpent
servi
servants
serviti
served
Settimio Severo
Septimius Severus
Settizonio
Septizodium
Siciliani
Sicilians
sig.ri
lords
Sisto
Sixtus
Sma.
Most holy (f.)
Smo. Salvatore
Most holy (m.) Saviour
soldati
soldiers
sole
the Sun
Somaschi
order of priests
sopra
over, above
sotterranea
underground
sotto
below
spada
sword
Spagna
Spain
Spagnuoli
Spaniards
specchi
mirrors
sped.
hospital
Spedale
hospital
SS.
Saints
Ssmo.
most Holy Saint
stella
star
stimmate
stigmata
strada
street
Suburra
a specific neighborhood
suda
above mentioned
sudario
shroud
sudetta
above mentioned
suffragio
suffrage
Svizzera
Switzerland
Svizzeri
Swiss
T.C.
Cardinal's church
tabaccari
tobacco sellers
tabacco
tobacco
Taccari
heel makers (for shoes)
Tarquinio
Tarquinius
Teatini
Theatines
teatro
theater
Tedesca
German (f.)
Tedesche
Germans (f.)
Tedeschi
Germans
tempio
temple, church
Teresiane
Theresans
terme
baths
termine
edge, limit
Terra (di Calvi)
land (country) of Calvi
tessitori
weavers
testa
head
Testa (Testa Spaccata)
broken head
Teutonica
Teutonic (f.)
Teutonico
Teutonic (m.)
Tito
Titus
Titolo Cardinalizio
Cardinal's church
Tolent.
Tolentino (town)
tonan.te
thundering (Jove)
tor.e
tower
torre
tower
torretta
small tower
torrione
turret
torto
bent
Toscani
Tuscans
Trajan Decio Imp.
Emperor Trajan Decius
Trajana
of Trajan
Transalpini
across the Alps
Trasfigurazione
Transfiguration
tre
three
triclinio
triclinium
Trinitarj
Trinitarians
Trinitarj Scalzi
barefoot Trinitarians
trivio
trivium, street intersection
umilitÓ
humility
unita
joined to
unite
joined to (pl.)
univ.
university or guild
universitÓ
university or guild
uomini
men
Vallombrosani (de' Minori Vallombrosani)
from Vallombrosa
vantaggio
advantage
vascellari
vase makers
vecchi
old (pl.)
vecchia
old (f.)
vedove
widows
Venere
Venus
Veneti
Venetians
venti
winds
Vergine
Virgin
vergini
virgins
vescovi
bishops
Vestigie
vestiges, remains
via
street
vicegerente
vice-regent
vicolo
small street, alley
Vienna
Vienna
vigna
vineyard, orchard
villa
villa
vincolo
bond (chains)
Visitazione
Visitation
volpe
fox
zecca
mint (for coining money)
zingari
gypsies
zitelle
spinsters
zoccolette
prostitutes